Discover Canada
Quebec releases 2023 list of jobs eligible for simplified LMIAs

The Quebec Ministry of Immigration recently released its latest list of occupations eligible for simplified Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) processing. Briefly, LMIAs must be obtained by certain employers who intend to hire temporary foreign workers for their business. These documents are designed to provide assess the hiring of a temporary foreign worker and verify that the hire will have either a neutral or positive impact on Canada’s labour market.

According to the Government of Quebec, the list, which affects salaried workers and not those who are self-employed, “applies to all of Quebec and takes into account the labour needs of all regions.” In the last two years, the number of eligible jobs has grown by more than 100 occupations. The list of eligible occupations for 2023 now includes over 300 job titles, just two years after being at 181 total positions in 2021.


Note: Although the occupation list for 2023 took effect on February 24, Quebec employers and their representatives are granted a transitional grace period, during which LMIA applications “may be examined on the basis of last year’s eligible occupations list.” This transitional period ends on March 24, 2023.


How LMIAs differ in Quebec compared to the rest of Canada

LMIA applications made by employers in Quebec must be approved by both the provincial government and the federal government. Therefore, Quebec-based LMIA applicants must “simultaneously submit [an LMIA] application” to both governments and send in the required documents.

Any applications that are not submitted simultaneously to the Government of Canada and the Government of Quebec will be rejected.


LMIA changes in line with NOC 2021

Since the last update made to Quebec’s occupation list in 2022, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has transitioned from the National Occupation Classification 2016 (NOC 2016) system to an updated NOC 2021 version.

In line with this transition, as noted by the Government of Quebec, “LMIA applications received on or after [November 16, 2022] will be processed according to NOC 2021.” As it is now March 2023, all applications will be processed using the updated NOC 2021 system.


General eligibility conditions for simplified LMIA processing in Quebec

The province of Quebec outlines three general conditions that must be met by all employers seeking to hire foreign workers through a simplified LMIA.

1. Offer competitive working conditions

From salary to working conditions, Quebec employers must offer a working environment that is “equivalent” to what is offered to a Canadian citizen or permanent resident “for a similar job [in that] sector.”

In their LMIA application, employers are required to describe the job offered in a way that reflects the “conditions and requirements of people already employed in [a particular] field.”


2. Comply with laws and regulations

Employers seeking an LMIA with simplified processing are required to prove that their business:

- Exists in Quebec

- Can meet all the conditions (financial and material) included in the job offer

- Is free of convictions for offences listed in section 99 of Quebec’s immigration regulations going back two years from the date of application submission

- Is offering a job that meets legitimate labour needs

- Is offering a job that does not negatively impact the province’s labour market

3. Provide health insurance

Quebec employers must provide free medical coverage, including for urgent care, until the hired worker is eligible for coverage from the Régie de l’assurance maladie du Québec (RAMQ).


Additional eligibility criteria for low-wage positions in Quebec

Employers offering a low-wage position – where the hourly wage is less than the median in Quebec ($25) – must meet the following three conditions in addition to the above:

1. Housing

Employers must either help their temporary workers find “suitable and affordable housing” or provide it for them.


2. Transportation

Employers are required to cover any costs related to round-trip plane tickets required by the temporary worker to travel from their country of permanent residence to their place of work in Quebec.


3. Health insurance

In addition to the above health insurance conditions, low-wage workers must be supported by coverage that is equal to that of the RAMQ plan until they are eligible for RAMQ coverage.


Simplified LMIA processing exclusions

The following types of employment are excluded from eligibility for simplified LMIA processing:

- Jobs that “will be occupied by a temporary worker who exercises control over [the] business”

- Jobs that meet the labour needs of a third-party client, person or public body rather than the employer

- Jobs that interfere “with or are likely to interfere with [an ongoing] labour dispute settlement (strike) in the place

- Jobs that harm “or [are] likely to harm [any persons] affected by a labour dispute”

- Jobs that conflict with Chapter C-27 of Quebec’s Labour Code

- Jobs that are in industries ineligible for the Temporary Foreign Worker Program


Source :

Related articles

How long will it take to become a permanent resident of Canada in 2024?

Foreign nationals seeking permanent residence (PR) in Canada often look for the fastest pathway to achieving their goal and starting a new life in this country.
On a basic level, Canada has four primary immigration classes: economic immigration, family-class sponsorship, humanitarian/compassionate immigration and immigration for refugees/protected persons.
However, within those four general classifications, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) provides foreign nationals with more than 100 ways to immigrate to Canada.

Finding a job in Ontario

Recently the Ontario provincial government chose to make it illegal for employers to require Canadian work experience in their job advertisements, in addition to making it mandatory for all job postings to feature salaries.
Both steps represent victories, not just for the Ontario labour force (who will now be able to see how the potential salary of a job compares to provincial and national averages); but especially for newcomers to Ontario—who are often held back from roles and professions they are qualified for, based on their lack of Canadian experience.
Considering these two changes, CIC News has compiled the following guide for newcomers looking for a job in Ontario.

Ontario looking to ban employers from requiring Canadian work experience on application forms and in job postings

In a first-of-its-kind move among all Canadian provinces and territories, Ontario has announced its intention to introduce new legislation that would, if passed, ban employers from requiring “Canadian work experience … in job postings or application forms.”
Announced today, Ontario’s Ministry of Labour, Immigration, Training and Skills Development hopes this new legislation will help more newcomers fill in-demand labour shortages across the province.

Canadian federal court denies work permit based on IELTS score

A citizen of Iran was a home design and renovation manager for seven years. In 2022, she signed an employment contract to work as a Residential Home Builder with a construction company located in Vancouver. The job duties and responsibilities included planning and preparing work schedules, selecting and employing trade subcontractors and managing budgets.

IRCC to review the Post-Graduation Work Permit for first time in 10 years

On October 27th, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) announced changes to its International Student Program that will be implemented in the coming months to strengthen the program and protect students from fraud.
The measures will require Designated Learning Institutions (DLIs) to confirm every applicant’s letter of acceptance directly with IRCC in order to ensure that study permits are issued based only on genuine letters of acceptance.
By the 2024 fall semester, IRCC will adopt a “recognized institution” framework that will be benefit DLIs in a variety of ways, such as priority processing of study permit applications.

Five pathways for tech talent in the U.S. to come to Canada

There are many ways for technology sector workers in the U.S. to come to Canada for work, after which this country also provides these individuals with several pathways to Canadian permanent residence (PR).
Canada has a well-documented need for skilled workers in the tech industry, evidenced most recently by the introduction of category-based Express Entry draws for five different occupational groups.